56th Brigade Machine Gun Company

A Machine Gun Company was attached to each Infantry Brigade and their subsequent Division.

Brigade attached to:56th Brigade
Division attached to:19th (Western) Division
Formed from the Machine Gun Sections of:7th Bn. The King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment
7th Bn. The East Lancashire Regiment
7th Bn. The South Lancashire Regiment
7th Bn. The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment

The 56th Bde. M.G. Coy. provisionally existed between September and December 1915. It disembarked at Le Havre on 09 February 1916 and joined the Division on 14 February 1916. It is likely to have been formed from the Machine Gun Sections of the listed infantry battalions.

As a unit of the 19th (Western) Division, it will have taken part in the following battles and engagements.

25 September to 02 OctoberBattle of Loos [Indian Corps, First Army].
25 SeptmeberAction of Pietre
01 to 09 JulyBattle of Albert [III Corps, Fourth Army].
02 to 04 JulyCapture of la Boisselle.
20 to 22 JulyFighting for High Wood [III Corps, Fourth Army].
23 to 31 JulyBattle of Poizieres Ridge [III Corps, Fourth Army].
22 October to 11 NovemberBattle of the Ancre Heights [II Corps, Reserve Army, until 30/10; then Fifth Army].
13 to 18 NovemberBattle of the Ancre [II Corps, Fifth Army].
07 to 14 JuneBattle of Messines [IX Corps, Second Army].
20 to 25 SeptemberBattle of Menin Road Ridge [IX Corps, Second Army].
26 September to 03 OctoberBattle of Polygon Wood [IX Corps, Second Army].
04 OctoberBattle of Broodseinde [IX Corps, Second Army].
09 OctoberBattle of Poelcappelle [IX Corps, Second Army].
12 OctoberFirst Battle of Passchendaele [IX Corps, Second Army].
26 October to 10 NovemberSecond Battle of Passchendaele [IX Corps, Second Army].

On 14 February 1918, it was amalgamated with the 57th, 58th and 246th Machine Gun Companies to form No. 19 Battalion, Machine Gun Corps.