59th Brigade Machine Gun Company

A Machine Gun Company was attached to each Infantry Brigade and their subsequent Division.

Brigade attached to:59th Brigade
Division attached to:20th (Light) Division
Formed from the Machine Gun Sections of:10th Bn. The King’s Royal Rifle Corps
11th Bn. The King’s Royal Rifle Corps
10th Bn. The Rifle Brigade
11th Bn. The Rifle Brigade

The 59th Bde. M.G. Coy. left Grantham on 23 February 1916. It disembarked at Le Havre on 25 February 1916 and joined the Division on 03 March 1916. It is likely to have been formed from the Machine Gun Sections of the listed infantry battalions.

As a unit of the 20th (Light) Division, it will have taken part in the following battles and engagements.

02 to 13 JuneBattle of Mount Sorrel [XIV Corps, Second Army].
21 August to 03 SeptemberBattle of Delville Wood [XIV Corps, Fourth Army].
03 to 05 SeptemberBattle of Guillemont [XIV Corps, Fourth Army].
16 to 20 SeptemberBattle of Flers-Courcelette [XIV Corps, Fourth Army].
27 SeptemberBattle of Morval [XIV Corps, Fourth Army].
01 to 08 OctoberBattle of the Transloy Ridges [XIV Corps, Fourth Army].
14 MArch to 05 AprilGerman Retreat to the Hindenburg Line [XIV Corps, until 2 p.m., 25 March; then XV Corps, Fourth Army].
26 May to 16 JuneActions on the Hindenburg Line [IV Corps, Fifth Army, until 10 a.m., 31 May; then Third Army].
16 to 18 AugustBattle of Langemarck [XIV Corps, Fifth Army].
20 to 25 SeptemberBattle of Menin Road Ridge [XIV Corps, Fifth Army].
26 to 28 SeptemberBattle of Polygon Wood [XIV Corps, Fifth Army].
20 and 21 NovemberThe Tank Attack [III Corps, Third Army].
23 to 28 NovemberCapture of Bourlon Wood [III Corps, Third Army].
30 November to 02 DecemberGerman Counter-Attacks [III Corps, Third Army].

On 15 March 1918, it was amalgamated with the 60th, 61st and 217th Machine Gun Companies to form No. 20 Battalion, Machine Gun Corps.