Canadian Army

The Canadians, as part of the Commonwealth, extensively used the Vickers in the same manner as the British.

At the outbreak of the First World War, the Canadians used the Colt ‘Potato-Digger’ Automatic Gun as the principal Machine Gun. However, with the production rates of the Vickers increasing, the Canadian Expeditionary Force became further equipped with the Vickers Mk. I Gun.

The Canadians were pioneers of many techniques with the Vickers, in particular the use of the overhead and barrage fire with brigaded guns. During the First World War, the Canadians had their Vickers MGs brigaded into Machine Gun Companies and formed the Canadian Machine Gun Corps.

Inter-war Period

As of 1 November, 1919, the Canadian Machine Gun Corps was established as part of Canada’s Permanent Force; however, this was short-lived and was subsequently disbanded in 1924. It did survive as part of the Active Militia of Canada until the re-organisations of 1936.

Second World War

In 1936, in line with the Commonwealth doctrine of the time, the Canadians disbanded the C.M.G.C. and converted Infantry and Cavalry Regiments into Divisional Machine Gun Battalions. Whereas British Regiments had multiple battalions, the Canadians had single-Battalion Regiments and therefore had more converted than their British counterparts.

Active Service Units:
Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa
Canadian Fusiliers Canadian Scottish Regiment
Regiment de la Chaudiere Irish Regiment of Canada
New Brunswick Rangers North Nova Scotia Highlanders
Perth Regiment Princess Louise’s Fusiliers
Prince of Wales’ Own Regiment Royal Montreal Regiment
Saskatoon Light Infantry Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders
Toronto Scottish Regiment Westminster Regiment
Home Service Units
Regiment De Chateauguay Edmonton Regiment
King’s Own Rifles of Canada Prince Rupert Regiment
Prince of Wales’ Rangers Regiment de Quebec
Queen’s York Rangers (1st American Regiment) Sherbrooke Regiment
St. John’s Fusiliers Sault Ste. Marie & Sudbury Regiment
Winnipeg Grenadiers Winnipeg Light Infantry

The Canadian Parachute Battalion was a Parachute Battalion of the 6th Airborne Division. It had an MMG Platoon as part of its establishment.

Those Infantry Battalions which were established as the Motor Battalions of Armoured Divisions also had an MMG Platoon. These included:

  • Westminster Dragoons, attd. Canadian 5th Armd. Div.
  • Lake Superior, attd. Canadian 4th. Armd. Div.