Through various treaties and agreements between Britain and Egypt, the Sudan was occupied by the British between 1899 and 1956. As such, it’s armed forces were part of the British Empire and aligned closely with the British Army.

Second World War

During the Second World War, the forces in the Sudan were run by the British Army, with British officers and many British specialists attached to Sudanese units.

These forces included an Armoured Train, the armaments of which included a medium machine gun, most likely a Vickers, alongside anti-tank rifles and light machine guns. A full transcript of the War Establishment for the armoured train is available as a free PDF download.


  • The National Archives, WO 24/939, War Establishments 1941 January to June.