A Machine Gun Company was attached to each Infantry Brigade and their subsequent Division.

Brigade attached to: 42nd Brigade
Division attached to: 14th (Light) Division
Formed from the: Machine Gun Section of 5th Bn. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
Machine Gun Section of 5th Bn. King’s Shropshire Light Infantry
Machine Gun Section of 9th Bn. King’s Royal Rifle Corps
Machine Gun Section of 9th Bn. Rifle Brigade

The 42nd Bde. M.G. Coy. was formed by 24 February 1916 from the Machine Gun Sections of the listed infantry battalions.

As a unit of the 14th (Light) Infantry Division during this period, it may have taken part in the following battles and engagements.

1916
BATTLES OF THE SOMME
13 to 30 August Battle of Delville Wood [XV Corps, Fourth Army].
15 and 16 September Battle of Flers-Courcelette [XV Corps, Fourth Army].
1917
14 March to 05 April German Retreat to the Hindenburg Line [VII Corps, Third Army].
BATTLES OF ARRAS
09 to 12 April First Battle of the Scarpe [VII Corps, Third Army].
03 and 04 May Third Battle of the Scarpe [VII Corps, Third Army].
BATTLES OF YPRES
18 August Battle of Langemarck [II Corps, Fifth Army].
22 to 26 August Fighting on the Menin Road [II Corps, Fifth Army]. (41st Inf. Bde. until 28 August)
12 October First Battle of Passchendale [X Corps, Second Army].

In March 1918, it was amalgamated with the 41st, 43rd, and 224th Machine Gun Companies to form No. 14 Battalion, Machine Gun Corps.


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