Machine Gun Corps (Infantry)

In November, 1915, machine-gun sections were withdrawn from Infantry battalions overseas and formed into machine-gun companies, one of which was attached to each brigade. At the same time, a Machine-Gun Training Centre was formed at Grantham for the purposes of training and supplying reinforcements for machine-gun companies in the field, and raising new machine-gun companies. As these new companies were raised and trained they were sent to the various theatres, and the numbers of machine-gun companies in each division was increased to four. In March, 1918, it was decided to form these four companies into a machine-gun battalion and to attach one machine-gun battalion to each division. This reorganisation was carried into effect in France and Italy, and, with certain modifications, in Egypt, but not in the other theatres of war. The machine-gun battalion in Egypt had an establishment of a headquarters and three companies only.


Strength

The strength of the Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) was recorded from February, 1916, until March, 1920, on a month-by-month basis.

At its peak, in October, 1918, it consisted of 5,852 officers and 114,910 other ranks – a total of 120,772 all ranks. A more detailed analysis is available on the MGC strength page.

The Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) comprised of Companies until they were formed into Battalions.


Companies

Prior to the formation of MG Battalions, a Machine Gun Company was attached to each Infantry Brigade and their subsequent Division.

Machine Gun Companies
Company Attached unit Theatre Date in theatre
1st 1st Bde, 1st Div France & Flanders July 1917
2nd 2nd Bde, 1st Div France & Flanders July 1917
3rd 3rd Bde, 1st Div France & Flanders July 1917
Afghanistan 1919
4th Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1917
5th 5th Bde, 2nd Div France & Flanders January 1916
6th 6th Bde, 2nd Div France & Flanders January 1916
7th France & Flanders July 1917
8th 8th Bde, 3rd Div. France & Flanders July 1917
North Russia July 1919
9th 9th Bde, 3rd Div. France & Flanders July 1917
10th 10th Bde, 4th Div. France & Flanders January 1916
11th 11th Bde, 4th Div. France & Flanders January 1916
12th 12th Bde, 4th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
13th 13th Bde, 5th Div. France & Flanders January 1916
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders April 1918
14th 14th Bde, 5th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
15th 15th Bde, 5th Div. France & Flanders January 1916
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders April 1918
Afghanistan 1919
16th 16th Bde, 6th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
17th Egypt June 1916
France & Flanders July 1917
18th 18th Bde, 6th Div. France & Flanders January 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1918
19th France & Flanders July 1917
20th 20th Bde, 7th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
21st France & Flanders July 1917
22nd 22nd Bde, 7th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders April 1918
Afghanistan 1919
23rd 23rd Bde, 8th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
24th 24th Bde, 8th Div.
24th Bde, 23rd Div.
France & Flanders July 1917
25th 25th Bde, 8th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
26th 26th Bde, 9th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
27th 27th Bde, 9th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
28th 28th Bde, 9th Div.
S.A. Bde, 9th Div.
France & Flanders July 1917
29th 29th Bde., 10th (Irish) Div. Egypt September 1916
Salonika March 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1917
30th 30th Bde., 10th (Irish) Div. Egypt September 1916
Salonika March 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1917
31st 31st Bde., 10th (Irish) Div. Egypt September 1916
Salonika March 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1917
32nd 32nd Bde, 11th (Northern) Div. Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders July 1916
33rd 33rd Bde, 11th (Northern) Div. Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders July 1916
34th 34th Bde, 11th (Northern) Div. Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders July 1916
35th 35th Bde, 12th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
36th 36th Bde, 12th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
37th 37th Bde, 12th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
38th 38th Bde, 13th (Western) Div. Mesopotamia November 1916
39th 39th Bde, 13th (Western) Div. Mesopotamia November 1916
Northern Persia August 1918
South Russia
40th 40th Bde, 13th (Western) Div. Mesopotamia November 1916
41st 41st Bde, 14th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
42nd 42nd Bde, 14th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
43rd 43rd Bde, 14th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
44th 44th Bde, 15th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
45th 45th Bde, 15th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
46th 46th Bde, 15th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
47th 47th Bde, 16th (Irish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
48th 48th Bde, 16th (Irish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
49th 49th Bde, 16th (Irish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
50th 50th Bde, 17th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
51st 51st Bde, 17th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
52nd 52nd Bde, 17th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
53rd 53rd Bde, 18th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
54th 54th Bde, 18th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
55th 55th Bde, 18th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
56th 56th Bde, 19th (Western) Div France & Flanders July 1917
57th 57th Bde, 19th (Western) Div France & Flanders July 1917
58th 58th Bde, 19th (Western) Div France & Flanders July 1917
59th 59th Bde, 20th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
60th 60th Bde, 20th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
61st 61st Bde, 20th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
62nd France & Flanders July 1917
63rd France & Flanders July 1917
64th France & Flanders July 1917
65th Mesopotamia November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
66th Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Mesopotamia November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
67th Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Mesopotamia November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
68th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
69th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
70th 70th Bde, 23rd Div.
70th Bde, 8th Div.
France & Flanders July 1917
70th Bde, 23rd Div. Italy November 1917
71st 71st Bde, 6th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
72nd France & Flanders July 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
73rd France & Flanders July 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
74th France & Flanders July 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
75th France & Flanders July 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
76th 76th Bde, 3rd Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
77th Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Mesopotamia November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
78th Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Mesopotamia November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
79th Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Mesopotamia November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
80th 80th Bde, 27th Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Balkans November 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
81st 81st Bde, 27th Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Balkans November 1916
Salonika January 1917
South Russia February 1919
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
82nd 82nd Bde, 27th Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
83rd 83rd Bde, 28th Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
84th 84th Bde, 28th Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
85th 85th Bde, 28th Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force September 1916
Salonika January 1917
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
86th 86th Bde., 29th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
87th 87th Bde., 29th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
88th 88th Bde., 29th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
89th France & Flanders July 1917
90th France & Flanders July 1917
91st 91st Bde, 7th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
92nd France & Flanders July 1917
93rd France & Flanders July 1917
94th France & Flanders July 1917
95th 95th Bde, 5th Div. France & Flanders January 1916
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders April 1918
96th France & Flanders July 1917
97th France & Flanders July 1917
98th France & Flanders July 1917
99th 99th Bde, 2nd Div. France & Flanders July 1917
100th France & Flanders July 1917
101st France & Flanders July 1917
102nd France & Flanders July 1917
103rd France & Flanders July 1917
104th France & Flanders July 1917
105th France & Flanders July 1917
106th France & Flanders July 1917
107th France & Flanders July 1917
108th France & Flanders July 1917
109th France & Flanders July 1917
110th France & Flanders July 1917
111th France & Flanders July 1917
112th France & Flanders July 1917
113th France & Flanders July 1917
114th France & Flanders July 1917
115th France & Flanders July 1917
116th France & Flanders July 1917
117th France & Flanders July 1917
118th France & Flanders July 1917
119th France & Flanders July 1917
120th France & Flanders July 1917
121st France & Flanders July 1917
122nd France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders March 1918
123rd France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders March 1918
124th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders March 1918
125th 125th Bde., 42nd Div. Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders February 1917
126th 126th Bde., 42nd Div. Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders February 1917
127th 127th Bde., 42nd Div. Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders February 1917
128th Mesopotamia November 1916
129th Mesopotamia November 1916
130th Mesopotamia November 1916
131st Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force April 1918
132nd Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force April 1918
133rd Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force April 1918
134th Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1918
135th Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1918
136th Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1918
137th France & Flanders July 1917
138th France & Flanders July 1917
139th France & Flanders July 1917
140th France & Flanders July 1917
141st France & Flanders July 1917
142nd France & Flanders July 1917
143rd France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
144th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
145th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
146th France & Flanders July 1917
147th France & Flanders July 1917
148th France & Flanders July 1917
149th France & Flanders July 1917
150th France & Flanders July 1917
151st France & Flanders July 1917
152nd France & Flanders July 1917
153rd France & Flanders July 1917
154th France & Flanders July 1917
155th Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders April 1918
156th Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders April 1918
157th Egypt April 1916
France & Flanders April 1918
158th Egypt March 1916
159th Egypt March 1916
160th Egypt March 1916
161st Egypt March 1916
162nd Egypt March 1916
163rd Egypt March 1916
164th France & Flanders July 1917
165th France & Flanders July 1917
166th France & Flanders July 1917
167th France & Flanders July 1917
168th France & Flanders July 1917
169th France & Flanders July 1917
170th France & Flanders July 1917
171st France & Flanders July 1917
172nd France & Flanders July 1917
173rd France & Flanders July 1917
174th France & Flanders July 1917
175th France & Flanders July 1917
176th France & Flanders July 1917
177th France & Flanders July 1917
178th France & Flanders July 1917
179th Salonika January 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
180th Salonika January 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
181st Salonika January 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
182nd France & Flanders July 1917
183rd France & Flanders July 1917
184th France & Flanders July 1917
185th Mesopotamia November 1916
Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
186th Mesopotamia November 1916
North Persia October 1918
187th Mesopotamia November 1916
188th France & Flanders July 1917
189th France & Flanders July 1917
190th France & Flanders July 1917
191st France & Flanders July 1917
192nd Div. Res., 6th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
193rd France & Flanders July 1917
194th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
195th France & Flanders July 1917
196th France & Flanders July 1917
197th Div. Res., 9th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
198th France & Flanders July 1917
199th France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
200th France & Flanders July 1917
201st France & Flanders July 1917
North Russia July 1919
202nd France & Flanders July 1917
203rd France & Flanders July 1917
204th France & Flanders July 1917
205th Div. Res., 5th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
France & Flanders April 1918
206th France & Flanders July 1917
India October 1918
207th France & Flanders July 1917
Mesopotamia December 1917
208th France & Flanders July 1917
209th Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1917
210th Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1917
211th Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1917
212th France & Flanders July 1917
213th France & Flanders July 1917
214th France & Flanders July 1917
215th France & Flanders July 1917
216th Div. Res., 1st Div. France & Flanders July 1917
217th Div. Res., 20th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
218th Div. Res., 8th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
219th France & Flanders July 1917
220th Div. Res., 7th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
221st India May 1917
222nd India May 1917
Afghanistan 1919
223rd France & Flanders July 1917
224th Div. Res., 14th (Light) Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force April 1917
France & Flanders July 1917
225th Div. Res., 15th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
226th France & Flanders July 1917
227th Div. Res., 29th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
228th 228th Bde., 28th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
229th Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
230th Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
231st Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1917
232nd France & Flanders July 1917
233rd Div. Res., 3rd Div. France & Flanders July 1917
234th Div. Res., 4th Div. France & Flanders July 1917
235th Div. Res., 12th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
236th Div. Res., 17th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
237th France & Flanders July 1917
238th France & Flanders July 1917
Mesopotamia December 1917
239th France & Flanders July 1917
Mesopotamia December 1917
240th France & Flanders July 1917
241st France & Flanders July 1917
242nd Div. Res., 2nd Div. France & Flanders July 1917
243rd France & Flanders July 1917
244th France & Flanders July 1917
245th France & Flanders July 1917
246th Div. Res. 19th (Western) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
247th France & Flanders July 1917
Mesopotamia October 1918
248th France & Flanders July 1917
249th Div. Res., 14th (Light) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
Mesopotamia November 1917
250th Div. Res., 11th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
251st France & Flanders July 1917
Italy November 1917
252nd North Russia October 1918
253rd South Russia August 1918
254th France & Flanders July 1917
255th France & Flanders July 1917
256th India August 1917
Mesopotamia November 1917
257th India August 1917
Mesopotamia November 1917
258th India August 1917
Mesopotamia November 1917
259th East Africa May 1917
260th India July 1917
Afghanistan 1919
261st Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1917
India July 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1918
262nd India August 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1918
France & Flanders May 1918
263rd India August 1917
Afghanistan 1919
264th India July 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force January 1918
France & Flanders May 1918
265th Egyptian Expeditionary Force December 1917
266th
267th
268th Div. Res., 42nd Div. France & Flanders October 1917
269th Div. Res., 16th (Irish) Div. France & Flanders July 1917
270th India February 1918
Afghanistan 1919
271st Mesopotamia December 1917
Egyptian Expeditionary Force June 1918
272nd Mesopotamia December 1917
273rd Div. Res., 13th (Western) Div. Mesopotamia December 1917
274th Mesopotamia December 1917
275th Mesopotamia December 1917
276th Mesopotamia December 1917
277th 228th Bde., 28th Div. Salonika December 1917
Thrace January 1919
Army of the Black Sea October 1919
278th
279th
280th North Russia October 1918
281st India November 1918
Afghanistan 1919
282nd India November 1918
283rd India November 1918
284th India November 1918
285th India November 1918
Afghanistan 1919
286th India November 1918
Afghanistan 1919
287th India November 1918
288th India November 1918
Afghanistan 1919
“Z” 242nd Bde., 28th Div. South Russia May 1920

Battalions

In 1918, the MG Companies were combined and formed into Machine Gun Battalions and directly attached to Infantry Divisions rather than Brigades.  The exact date of amalgamation depended upon the Division concerned and the theatre of operations – some companies did not become part of Battalions at all.

Machine Gun Battalions
Battalion Attached Unit Theatre
1st 1st Div. France & Flanders
2nd 2nd Div. France & Flanders
3rd (BEF) 3rd Div. France & Flanders
3rd (EEF) Egyptian Expeditionary Force
4th 4th Div. France & Flanders
5th 5th Div. France & Flanders
6th 6th Div. France & Flanders
7th 7th Div. France & Flanders
Egyptian Expeditionary Force
Italy
8th 8th Div. France & Flanders
North Russia
India
Iraq
9th 9th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders
10th 10th (Irish) Div. Egyptian Expeditionary Force
11th 11th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders
12th 12th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders
14th 14th (Light) Div. France & Flanders
15th 15th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders
16th 16th (Irish) Div. France & Flanders
17th 17th (Northern) Div. France & Flanders
Iraq
18th 18th (Eastern) Div. France & Flanders
19th 19th (Western) Div. France & Flanders
20th 20th (Light) Div. France & Flanders
21st France & Flanders
23rd (BEF) France & Flanders
23rd (Italy) Italy
24th France & Flanders
25th France & Flanders
29th France & Flanders
30th France & Flanders
31st France & Flanders
32nd France & Flanders
33rd France & Flanders
34th France & Flanders
35th France & Flanders
36th France & Flanders
37th France & Flanders
38th France & Flanders
39th France & Flanders
40th France & Flanders
41st France & Flanders
42nd 42nd Div. France & Flanders
46th France & Flanders
47th France & Flanders
48th (BEF) France & Flanders
48th (Italy) Italy
49th France & Flanders
50th France & Flanders
51st France & Flanders
52nd France & Flanders
53rd Egyptian Expeditionary Force
54th Egyptian Expeditionary Force
55th France & Flanders
56th France & Flanders
57th France & Flanders
58th France & Flanders
61st France & Flanders
62nd France & Flanders
63rd France & Flanders
74th France & Flanders
75th Egyptian Expeditionary Force
100th France & Flanders
101st France & Flanders
102nd France & Flanders
103rd France & Flanders
‘F’ Battalion
104th Battalion
9th (Scottish) Div. France & Flanders
200th France & Flanders

Sources