37th Brigade Machine Gun Company

A Machine Gun Company was attached to each Infantry Brigade and their subsequent Division.

Brigade attached to:37th Brigade
Division attached to:12th (Eastern) Division
Formed from the Machine Gun Sections of:6th Bn. Queen’s (Royal West Surrey Regiment)
6th Bn. Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
7th Bn. East Surrey Regiment
6th Bn. Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)

The 37th Bde. M.G. Coy. was formed by 04 February 1916 from the Machine Gun Sections of the listed infantry battalions.

As a unit of the 12th (Eastern) Division during this period, it will have taken part in the following battles and engagements.

02 to 18 MarchHohenzollern Craters [I Corps, First Army].
02 to 08 JulyBattle of Albert [III Corps, Fourth Army, until 05 July; then X Corps, Reserve Army].
28 July to 13 AugustBattle of Pozieres Ridge [II Corps, Reserve Army].
01 to 18 OctoberBattle of the Transloy Ridges [XV Corps, Fourth Army].
09 to 12 AprilFirst Battle of the Scarpe [VI Corps, Third Army].
28 and 29 AprilBattle of Arleux [VI Corps, Third Army].
03 and 04 MayThird Battle of the Scarpe [VI Corps, Third Army].
12 MayAttack on Devil’s Trench [VI Corps, Third Army]. (From 20 June to 25 October 1917, a period of eighteen weeks, the 12th Division held the line (east of Monchy) on an active front. (In VII Corps from 20 June to noon, 01 July; then in XVII Corps.).)
20 and 21 NovemberThe Tank Attack [III Corps, Third Army].
23 to 28 NovemberCapture of Bourlon Army [III Corps, Third Army].
30 November to 03 DecemberGerman Counter-Attacks [III Corps, Third Army].

On 01 March 1918, it was amalgamated with the 35th, 36th, and 235th Machine Gun Companies to form No. 12 Battalion, Machine Gun Corps.


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